Gems are in any case stones in variegated colours unearthed from beneath the Earth's floor. When it’s unearthed, the stones do in no way appear to be the gems that we’re used to seeing within the jewellery or those that we discover within the outlets. There exists a really attention-grabbing course of utilizing which the in any other case atypical coloured stones get the specified form. Furthermore, this course of additionally lends the gems the luster and shine that’s usually related to a gemstone.
Are you questioning what this course of which produces the very valuable gems referred to as? The method is named Faceting Gems. To be extra exact, Faceting Gems is just not a singular course of. It’s a assortment of a lot of procedures; every process is exclusive in its personal means and is of immense significance. It’s however apparent that you’re desperate to know in regards to the numerous processes concerned. Right here follows a brief however informative glimpse into the procedures:
Utilizing the dop stick: Step one earlier than commencing the faceting course of is to repair the gemstone on the dop stick. The dop stick is definitely a cylindrical stick made from brass with wax on its head. This wax is melted barely utilizing an alcohol lamp and the stone is positioned on the wax with the assistance of Tremendous glue or cyanocrylate. It is extremely essential to position the stone precisely on the middle of the stick which might then be mounted on the faceting machine. This course of known as doping.
The shape earlier than the shape: pre-form: On this course of, the stone is mounted on a pavilion the place utilizing coarse grit discs the stone is given a tough form. A major quantity of additional weight is lowered and the stone will get a predictable weight.
The masterstroke: the ultimate aspects are made on the stone following the design. This stage will be thought of as offering the masterstrokes the place the ultimate aspects are made. Within the course of, poly artificial twining or minute fractures which have been beforehand invisible may seem. At such a juncture, one must determine whether or not additional weight discount is required or one would persist with the unique sample.
Including the luster: That is the stage when the stone is polished. Preliminary, just a few aspects are polished. Relying on the commentary whether or not the specified shine is achieved, additional sharpening is completed.
Dismounting: To date, it should be famous, that just one face of the stone has been polished. Now it’s time to polish the opposite floor or the crown, which was mounted on the dop stick. The unique dop is heated barely to launch the stone which is then mounted following the identical course of on one other dop stick positioned precisely coaxially to the unique dop stick. Utilizing the identical steps, the crown can also be faceted.
The ending: The dop is then heated to launch the stone which has been polished and has by now acquired the specified form. A gem is thus created out of a tough and crude stone!